Beautiful Lichens

Lichens are made up of two or more closely interacting organisms, first one is a fungus, the other one is an alga and/or cyanobacteria. Alga and cyanobacteria in this relationship are called photobionts. The fungus itself is not capable of photosyntesis that would provide it with energy and because of this, it needs the alga or cyanobacteria. On the other hand, the fungus provides optimal living conditions for a long term, stable association with their photobionts.

Lichens may be used, among other, as a dye and when I look at these photos, it doesn’t suprise me.

DSC_9837
(Shutter Speed: 1/400 seconds, Aperture: F/10.0, Focal Length: 50.0, ISO 200)

DSC_9836
(Shutter Speed: 1/320 seconds, Aperture: F/9.0, Focal Length: 40.0, ISO 200)

DSC_0940
(Shutter Speed: 1/125 seconds, Aperture: F/5.6, Focal Length: 85.0, ISO 200)

DSC_0374
(Shutter Speed: 1/200 seconds, Aperture: F/5.6, Focal Length: 85.0, ISO 400)

DSC_0195
(Shutter Speed: 1/320 seconds, Aperture: F/9.0, Focal Length: 85.0, ISO 200)

DSC_0194
(Shutter Speed: 1/250 seconds, Aperture: F/8.0, Focal Length: 25.0, ISO 200)

DSC_0058
(Shutter Speed: 1/400 seconds, Aperture: F/10.0, Focal Length: 70.0, ISO 400)

Advertisements

Konepruske Caves

Konepruske Caves are the cave system in the middle of the limestone region known as Bohemian Karst, located southwest of Prague. Konepruske Caves are the largest cave system in Bohemia (not in the whole Czech Republic) while only a small part of it is open to the public. People are not allowed to go there alone, they must pay an entrance fee to the caves keeper and he will provide a tour guide that will lead the group safely through the caves.

Here are some photos that I took in the caves:
DSC_8031
(Shutter Speed: 1/50 second; Aperture: F/3,5; Focal Length: 16mm; ISO 3200)

DSC_8005
(Shutter Speed: 1/60 second; Aperture: F/5,6; Focal Length: 85mm; ISO 3200)

DSC_8025
(Shutter Speed: 1/80 second; Aperture: F/4,5; Focal Length: 26mm; ISO 3200)

DSC_8017
(Shutter Speed: 1/100 second; Aperture: F/5,0; Focal Length: 50mm; ISO 3200)

DSC_8015
(Shutter Speed: 1/80 second; Aperture: F/4,5; Focal Length: 22mm; ISO 3200)

DSC_8083
(Shutter Speed: 1/160 second; Aperture: F/6,3; Focal Length: 42mm; ISO 3200)

DSC_8011
(Shutter Speed: 1/60 second; Aperture: F/4,0; Focal Length: 20mm; ISO 3200)

Prague Zoo – Elephants and Hippos…

…and some other animals.
Now it is time to post the last part of my June visit to Prague Zoo.
Here are previous posts: Prague Zoo – Birds and Prague Zoo – Bat Eared Fox.

The Prague Zoo built a completely new exhibition for elephants and hippos and I finally had a chance to visit this part of the zoo. Fortunately, the new pavilions are far and high from the Vltava river and there the flood didn’t destroyed it. And this new part is… just wow! On one hand it is very modern with huge exhibits for the animals and on the other even the smallest details are simply perfect. It all looks very natural and it is stylized into Indian environment.

In this photo, you can see one of the first elephants born in the Czech Republic and the first one born in Prague Zoo. The baby is female and she is called Sita and she was born in February this year. The Asian or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus)
DSC_7869
(Shutter Speed: 1/5000 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 200mm; ISO 400)

In the next two photos, there is two years old hippo called Váleček (the meaning of the name is “small cylinder”). He was quite enjoying the inner pool in his exhibit. The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius).
DSC_7918
(Shutter Speed: 1/640 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 200mm; ISO 400)

DSC_7945
(Shutter Speed: 1/500 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 80mm; ISO 400)

The Common Agama (Agama agama) in very dark inner exhibit.
DSC_7949
(Shutter Speed: 1/640 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 125mm; ISO 1600)

The last year baby of American bison (Bison bison) near a pond in his exhibit.
DSC_7856
(Shutter Speed: 1/500 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 80mm; ISO 400)

Prague Zoo – Bat Eared Fox

I visited Prague Zoo with my friends again. We took a lot of photos so I decided to divide those photos into more than only one post.
You can find the first part here: https://monasphotography.wordpress.com/2013/06/30/prague-zoo-birds/

This part will be only about bat-eared foxes (Otocyon megalotis) which is a canid from Africa and it got its name mainly because of its large ears. The pack of bat-eared foxes in Prague consists of 8-10 members, including last year’s cubs.

DSC_7963
(Shutter Speed: 1/1250 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 155mm; ISO 200)

DSC_7971
(Shutter Speed: 1/1250 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 145mm; ISO 200)

DSC_7968
(Shutter Speed: 1/1250 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 200mm; ISO 200)

DSC_7958
(Shutter Speed: 1/1250 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 200mm; ISO 200)

DSC_7978
(Shutter Speed: 1/1000 second; Aperture: F/2,8; Focal Length: 145mm; ISO 200)

There are still some more photos to come and therefore you can look forward to seeing photos of elephants and rhinos tommorow.